Phytoremediation describes the treatment of environmental problems through the use of plants that remove, degrade or render harmless toxins from the air, water, and soil. Contemporary construction materials and building type contribute to the degradation of indoor air quality (IAQ) and have become major factors in public health problems in developed countries. Severely deteriorating air quality within many global metropolitan areas is also an important determinant of population health and well-being. By cleaning airborne contaminants associated with poor indoor air quality, building-integrated active phytoremediation systems have the potential to decrease fresh air intake requirements and thus the potential to realize substantial energy savings in climate type with high heating/and or cooling loads. This has informed the Active Modular Phytoremediation System (AMPS), a building-integrated system specifically responding to issues associated with polluted urban contexts. The AMPS research spans many disciplines, stakeholders, and labs.

Plant Research

Related Research

Sponsorship to Date:



Research Teams:

Anna Dyson, Jason Vollen, Ahu Aydogan, Matt Gindlesparger, Jefferson Ellinger, Peter Stark, Ted Nagi, Tyler Stout, Josh Draper, Mandi Pretorius, Phoebe Mankiewicz, Paul Mankiewicz, Christina Ciardullo, Cynthia Collins, Divya Ravichandar, Alicia Walf, Mae-ling Lokko, Ranjit Arpels-Josiah, Katrina Estacio, Rohit Chitale, Andrew Rosner, Nina Wilson, Nancy Diniz, Ben Feagin, Paulo Pinheiro, John Erickson, Kristin Bennett, Beizhan Yan, Qiang Yang, Connor Pinson, Andreas Theodoridis, Naomi Keena, Mohamed, Aly, Justin Shultz, Marianne Nyman, Tessa Pocock, Kenton Philips. 

Industrial Collaborators:


Other Collaborators:

NYU, RPI, ANL, Columbia Lamont Earth Observatory

Select Publications

Aydogan, Ahu, and Lupita D. Montoya. 2011. "Formaldehyde Removal by Common Indoor Plant Species and Various Growing Media." Atmospheric Environment 45 (16): 2675-82. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.02.062.

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Yale Center for Ecosystems in Architecture


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